Wolf spiders can be found in a wide range of habitats both coastal and inland. These include shrublands, woodland, wet coastal forest, alpine meadows, and suburban gardens. Spiderlings disperse aerially and consequently wolf spiders have wide distributions. Although some species have very specific microhabitat needs (such as stream-side gravel beds or montane herb-fields) most are wanderers without permanent homes. Some build burrows which can be opened or have a trapdoor.
They are robust and agile hunters with good eyesight. They live mostly solitary lives and hunt alone.
- Size: Small wolf spiders are less than one inch in length whereas some species are as large as two inches.
- Color: Brown to Dark Brown
- Legs: 8
- Shape: Oval Body with Long Legs
- Antennae: False
Control / Prevention
Caulking the cracks, crevices, and holes in the house so the spider can't walk right in is the first step in control.
Wolf spiders are capable of defensive bites, and some South American species may give bites that are medically significant. However, in general their presence works in favor of humans because they consume insects. Wolf spiders will inject venom freely if continually provoked. Symptoms of their venomous bite include swelling, mild pain and itching. Though usually considered harmless to humans, the bite of some species may be painful.